Pepper Plant Companions

Posted on 02 March 2019

Pepper Plant Companions

Wondering what to plant with your chile peppers to help them thrive?


Flowers, chives, carrots, radishes, squash, Basil, Parsley, Dill, Marjoram, Oregano, Rosemary, 
cucumbers, eggplant, and onions all do well when grown in close proximity to peppers. Spinach and lettuce are suitable pepper companions because they are low-growing with shallow roots, providing an edible ground cover that helps control weeds. Make sure not to plant things to close to your peppers, so as not to shade or inhibit air circulation – but including lots of flowers, herbs and other vegetables in your garden will help increase your pepper harvest and create a pollinator habitat and healthy ecosystem.


Here are some of our favorite Pepper Plant Companions:

Companion Plants for Peppers

1. Flowers
: Planting annual and perennial flowers near your pepper patch is a sure way to invite pollinators to your garden, which, in turn, help boost your pepper harvest. Think: Marigolds, Nasturtiums, Lavender, Golden Rod, Black-Eyed Susans, Alliums, and Geraniums (Geraniums are known to repel Japanese Beetles!) Of course, make sure not to plant them so close to your peppers that these flowers shade your peppers, as peppers like full sun! If you have them nearby, that will be enough. 

Pepper Plant Companions - Attract Lacewigs
Attracting  Beneficial Insects:
Flowers and herbs also attract beneficial insects like Lacewigs, Ladybugs, and Hoverflies, resulting in their incredible pest-eating larvae that devour aphids, catepillars and other pests of your vegetables. 
Learn more about Plants that Attract Beneficial Insects

    Pepper Companion Plants - Nasturtium Flowers

    We like to keep a patch of Nasturtium growing (it reseeds every year if you leave the large seedpods). It's great as the leaves and flowers are edible, it self-sows, and it looks beautiful in the vegetable garden. The bees love Nasturtium, too! 

    Pepper Companion Plants - Nasturtium
     
    This slightly over-planted pepper garden (yes, we do it, too!) still provides an abundant harvest. Note the Nasturtium growing in the top of the photo. 

    Basil - Pepper Companion Plants

    2. Basil: 
    Basil is a wonderful herb for using in all sorts of recipes, and some people say that it boosts peppers flavor if grown nearby, and it also repels pests such as aphids and spider mites. It's beautiful too, and the pollinators love the blooms! We usually let a few basil plants bloom for the pollinators, and trim and  harvest our other basil plants to keep them growing vegetation. Basil is also super easy to grow from seed, we even collected seeds from our basil last year and started them with great success indoors in our seed starter trays. 



    Chives - Pepper Plant Companions

    3. Chives:
     Chives are great to grow as they come back every year (perennial), and they are also said to improve the flavor and boost pepper yields. They are also super charming in the garden with their edible purple blossoms, which the bees also adore!



    4. Dill: Growing dill in your vegetable garden is wonderful because they are beautiful plants with firework blooms, and the pollinators and other beneficial insects LOVE dill, which means more pollination and less aphids. 

    Companion Plants for Peppers - Cilantro

    5. Coriander and Cilantro: 
    These herbs are great to grow next to Pepper plants, cilantro attracts beneficial insects to gardens while simultaneously it discourages pests such as aphids. Planting cilantro in the shade of pepper plants helps cilantro grow into a lush and bushy plant. Plus, don't worry if it bolts and flowers, the flowers are a huge attractant for pollinators and other beneficial insects, plus, you can save the dried seeds and replant for a never-ending source of Cilantro for your salsas and recipes.

    6. Carrots: Growing carrots near peppers can create a living mulch to cut down on weeds, plus you get carrots! 

    Onions - Companion Plants for Peppers

    7. Onions: Onions are easy to interplant with other vegetables as they don't take up a lot of room, and they help deter common pests such as aphids, slugs, cabbage worms. Plus, they're great for using the greens and bulbs in salsas, green chile stews, and other recipes. 

     
    Lettuce - Companion Plants for Peppers

    8. Lettuce: 
    You can grow lettuce in small spaces as an edible living mulch. Lettuce can thrive in the shade of pepper plants in the summer. 

    9. Spinach: Spinach is also a good low-growing plant to grow near your peppers to act as a living mulch. Also great for salads, stir fries, etc.

    10. Beets: Growing beets around peppers is another way to use a living edible mulch around your peppers to shade the soil and help preserve moisture.

    11. Garlic: Garlic is another small space plant that can be grown around pepper plants to maximize garden space. Garlic repels insect pests as well, and goes great in salsas, green chile stews and pretty much any other recipe!

    Pepper Plant Companions - Squash

    12. Squash:
     You can grow squash near peppers, though make sure not to grow them too close or the large squash leaves could shade your peppers. Squash is great to shade and cut down on weeds in the garden. 

    13. Oregano: Oregano is also another short herb that works well to grow around peppers. The blooms attract pollinators in droves. And, Oregano is also delicious in many recipes that use peppers.

    14. Parsley: Growing parsley attracts lots of beneficial insects such as hoverflies who's larvae eat aphids, thrips, and other harmful insects.

    15. Coneflowers like Echinacea: Perennial flowers like coneflowers attract bees all summer, and you only have to plant them once. You can also divide them in early fall to make more and spread their cheer throughout your landscape or garden.

    Pepper Plant Companions –  Cucumbers

    16. Cucumbers:
     Cucumbers are also good companion plants to grow with peppers, and who doesn't like spicy pickles? Hot Peppers and cucumbers can combine to make the best pickles you'll ever eat.

    17. Eggplant: A relative of peppers, eggplants grow well in the same soil conditions that peppers like.

    Pepper Companion Plants - Thyme

    18. Thyme:
    Thyme is a super easy to grow herb that is low-growing and is perennial (so it comes back better every year!) It also blooms and attracts pollinators out the wazoo. Plus, it's great with all sorts of recipes! You can even harvest Thyme in the winter months, which makes it's a great winter herb.


    Companion Plants for Pepper Plants - Rosemary

    19. Rosemary Deters Aphids: 
    Which companion plants affect the performance of green peach aphid on host plants? French researchers tested 12 candidate plants under laboratory conditions, and found Rosemary to be one of the best deterrants! Did you know it's super-easy to propogate Rosemary? Just take a snipping of a young stem and put in water, and it will grow roots within a week or two, then plant in soil! Easy peasy. Read more about their study below: 

    Want to deter aphids? Plant some rosemary throughout the garden, African and French marigolds work well too. A group of French researchers designed an experiment that tested how effective 12 different companion plants were at deterring aphids from infesting a garden. The researchers set up two rows of pepper plants inside 13 individual growing chambers (there were 12 companion plants treatments and one control treatment with no companion plant), and then placed adult female aphids on each plant. Then, the various companion plants were set in between the two rows of pepper plants and allowed to grow alongside each other. Each day, the scientists would count the number of adult females remaining on the pepper plants, and also the number of neonate nymphs (baby aphids) that were produced by the adult female.

    During the 12 day experiment, the scientists found that the aphids were more likely to flee from the pepper plants that were near companion plants. The control pepper plants did not lose any aphids, as the bugs were happy in their companion-plant-free environment. They also found that rosemary, lavender, geranium, African marigold, and French marigold significantly decreased the numbers of aphids being reproduced on the pepper leaves. In the end, rosemary outperformed the other companion plants in both deterring aphids, and lowering their reproduction numbers. The scientists attribute this effect to the VOC, or volatile organic compounds, produced by the plants. The VOCs signal to the aphids that the vegetation in a certain area near companion plants is not suitable for rearing young, so encourages the bugs to search on for more reproduction friendly fields.

    It looks like a flat of rosemary will be on the planting list for this spring.

    Sourced from: www.composttealab.com/research--development-blog/companion-plants-deter-aphids


    Companion Plants for Peppers - Spring Flowering Trees like Red Bud


    Shrubs & Trees for Bees:
    You can also plant flowering trees to help the pollinators, early spring-blooming fruit trees are a wonderful first meal for hungry bees when not much else is blooming yet. You can also plant fruiting shrubs such as raspberries, grapes, elderberries, and other flowering plants. Of course, make sure not to plant them too close to your peppers so as not to block the necessary 6+ hours of sun that peppers require to be most productive.


    Leaves in Garden Bed for Pollinators and soil Health

    Leave the Leaves!

    Rather than strip your garden and flower beds to bare soil over the winter, leave the leaves and even the perennial plant stalks and leaves. By doing this, you create a native bee habitat (most bees nest underground, and mulch helps keep them warm and insulated). Leaving leaves and grass clippings on your garden beds also helps to feed and insulate the soil during the winter months. You'll find that the soil will be rich and moist come spring if you give it a nice thick blanket of mulched leaves and grass clippings. By spring, you'll find that most of the leaves have reduced to near nothing, and you can dig them into the soil to continue to feed for the year. Note: we do usually clear out vegetable plant leaves and stalks at the end of the season, especially if there is any powdery mildew or other diseases or pests.


    PLANTS TO AVOID PLANTING WITH PEPPERS:
    Plants to avoid planting near peppers include pole beans, mustards, soybeans, lima beans, fennel, cabbage, broccoli, brussel sprouts, cauliflower, collards, kale, turnips, and strawberries.


    Companion Plants for Chile Peppers ensure a great harvest!

    Use Companion Plants to grow more Peppers
    Growing companion plants with Chile Peppers ensures a great harvest! The more different types of plants and flowers you have growing in and around your vegetable and pepper garden, the better your garden will be! While peppers can self-pollinate with wind, having bumblebees, honeybees and other native pollinators give them an extra "buzz" boosts the likelihood of pollination. 


    Pepper Plant Companions – Flowers for Pollinators
     

    Have you heard of Hatch Chiles?
    Get some Hatch Green Chile seeds 
    and grow some New Mexico to your garden.
    All of the above companion plants will help your green chiles thrive!

    hatch chile seeds

    Peppers are easy to grow from seed!
    Sandia Seed specializes in unusual and rare pepper seed varieties, so check out our website seed collections for super hot pepper seeds, hot pepper seeds, Hatch chile seeds, and sweet pepper seeds. We also sell Heirloom Tomato seeds which go great with chiles. :)  Happy growing!

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