Although, as with many things, these terms aren't always black and white...
Peppers are also considered herbs.
The Aleppo Pepper was named Herb of the Month in September 2023
Additionally, the Herb Society of America recently named one of our favorite peppers, the spicy Aleppo Pepper, as the Herb of the month is September 2023. While these special peppers are hard to find in stores, you can grow your own Aleppo peppers in your garden. These special unique-tasting peppers dry very easily and can be stored in glass jars whole or as crushed pepper flakes to keep in your herb & spice cabinet for year round use in recipes like sauces, stews, roasts, soups, chili, tacos you name it!
So yes, peppers are spices –
and yes, peppers are herbs.
Peppers are also fruit.
Learn how to dry peppers even without a dehydrator so you can add them to your herb & spice cabinet!
One last note...
Pepper vs Peppers
Black pepper (of salt and pepper) is not related to capsicum peppers, and is made from dried berries (peppercorns) that grow on a tropical flowering vine called Piper nigrumis in warm places such as the Malabar Coast of India. Black pepper is also considered both a spice and herb in the culinary world. It also packs a tasty punch and Many chefs use the term "seasonings" which covers all bases when cooking up delicious food.